Review of Spring Dead Spot and Large Patch Trials From 2021-22
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Each year our program conducts 60 to 75 fungicide trials on various turfgrass diseases. Fall disease management trials focus on diseases of warm-season grasses and those diseases include spring dead spot and large patch. As promised from social media, this post will detail the results from our spring dead spot and large patch trials from fall 2021 into spring of 2022. However, before focusing in on the details of these 8 trials, we should spend a minute discussing application strategies for these two diseases.
For spring dead spot, we suggest making preventative applications when soil temperatures decline to 70oF, which typically has been late September to early October in Raleigh, NC. Follow up applications should be made 21 to 28 days after the initial application. Based on some of our trials, it seems like 21 days is the more appropriate re-application timing. All of our spring dead spot treatments are irrigated in immediately with 1/8 inch of water to ensure that the fungicides are getting to where the pathogens reside.
Preventative large patch applications for St. Augustinegrass and centipedegrass should be initiated when soil temperatures decline to 80oF which is typically in late August or early September in Raleigh, NC. For zoysiagrass, the preventative applications should start when soil temperatures decline to 70oF. In order for these fungicides to be successful, they need to be applied in at least 88 gallons/acre (2 gallons/M). The large patch pathogen attacks the leaf sheath, therefore more water in the spray tank is necessary to ensure the fungicide is getting on target. Our research continues to indicate that fall applications are most critical for suppression of large patch in the Carolinas. Spring applications may be necessary in cool-wet springs and can compliment a strong fall based application program.